Insect Learning Center

Objectives

  • Students will learn the importance of the Scientific Method.
  • Students will understand each step in the Scientific Method.
  • Students will be able to apply the Scientific Method to their daily lives.

Materials

  • Mad Margaret Experiments with Scientific Method by Eric Braun (This book is available on Amazon for as low as $9.95. If you have Kindle Unlimited, you can rent this book for free)
  • Copies of assessment
  • Test bank

Procedures

  1. First, read Mad Margaret Experiments with Scientific Method by Eric Braun to your class. A good way to get your students engaged is by having them take turns reading the book out loud to their classmates.
  2. After each step of the scientific method is mentioned in the reading, stop and take a moment to analyze how each step was executed in the book. For example, you can ask “How did Margaret approach the first step of the scientific method?” (Answer: By asking the question, “Why does Jasper sneeze at Donna’s house?”)
  3. Once you finish, review the 5 steps to the scientific method presented in the book with your class
  4. Challenge your student’s thoughts to see if they can come up with their own examples in their daily lives that would require the scientific method.
  5. Prepare a day where your class will take an exam based on the book and the scientific method. Once this step is established, create study guides for your students.
  6. Make sure your students have at least three days prior the exam to study and clarify any questions they have about the book or the study guide.

Class Activity

TESTING DAY

Once your students have had enough time to study, structure a date and time in which your class will take the test. Once your students have taken the test, they should thoroughly understand how to execute each step within the scientific method. The test should consist of 7-10 questions that review the following topics:

  • The 5 steps in the scientific method that were covered in Mad Margaret Experiments with Scientific Method by Eric Braun.
    1. Ask a question
    2. Gather information
    3. Test hypothesis
    4. Share the results
  • The series of events in the story Mad Margaret Experiments with Scientific Method by Eric Braun
  • Definition of a hypothesis
  • The importance of testing hypothesis
  • How to make an observation
  • Another term for “testing a hypothesis” → experiment

TEST QUESTIONS

  1. Write the steps of the scientific method in the correct order.
    • Step 1: ______________________
    • Step 2: _______________________
    • Step 3: _______________________
    • Step 4: _______________________
    • Step 5: _______________________
  2. What is a hypothesis?
    1. A factual statement about why something happens
    2. An idea that can be tested about how or why something happens
    3. An experiment that shows why something happens
    4. An incorrect statement that needs to be proven correct
  3. What should you do if your hypothesis is wrong after conducting an experiment?
    1. Give up on experiment because it is wrong
    2. Re-test your information to make sure there were not any errors
    3. Continue experiment with incorrect information
  4. Scientific method: What was Mad Margaret’s question?
    1. What causes sneezing?
    2. Why does Donna have a cat?
    3. Why does Jasper sneeze at Donna’s house?
    4. What does Jasper do when he is with Donna?
  5. Scientific method: How did Margaret test her first hypothesis?
    1. By putting Jasper’s face in mud
    2. By closing the drafty windows
    3. By going to Donna’s house
    4. By asking what makes Jasper sneeze
  6. Another term for “testing a hypothesis” is:
    1. Experiment
    2. Project
    3. Judgement
    4. Analysis
  7. Why was Jasper sneezing?
    1. He was allergic to Donna’s perfume
    2. He was allergic to the outdoors
    3. He had a fever
    4. He was allergic to cats
  8. How should Jasper complete step 5 of the scientific method?
    1. Share his results; tell his parents that he’s allergic to cats
    2. Conduct an experiment; buy a cat to see the effects
    3. Gather information; write down all the reasons why he thinks he is sneezing
    4. Ask a question; ask what is making him sneeze in the first place
  9. Bringing Jasper into Donna’s attic and brother’s room is an example of what step in the scientific method?

    1. Question
    2. Hypothesis
    3. Test/experiment
    4. Sharing results
  10. How did Margaret gather data about why Jasper was sneezing?

    1. Observing Jasper at Donna’s house
    2. Asking Jasper’s parents about information on Jasper
    3. Asking Jasper what he does when he is at Donna’s house
    4. Making Jasper stay in his own home as an experiment

Vocabulary

Caterpillar – The elongated wormlike larva of a butterfly or moth.

Setae – An intermediate stage of a metamorphic insect (such as a bee, moth, or beetle) that occurs between the larva and the imago, is usually enclosed in a cocoon or protective covering, and undergoes internal changes.

Setae – A slender usually rigid or bristly and springy organ or part of an animal or plant.

Spiracles – An external tracheal aperture of a terrestrial arthropod that, in an insect, is usually one of a series of small apertures located along each side of the thorax and abdomen

Thoracic Legs – Legs located in the frontal portion of the caterpillar called the Thorax.

Abdominal Legs – Legs located in the rear portion of the caterpillar called the Abdomen.

Metamorphosis – A typically marked and abrupt developmental change in the form or structure of an animal (such as a butterfly or a frog) occurring subsequent to birth or hatching

Educational Books

The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle

Backyard Insects by Ronald Good & Millicent E. Selsam

The Very Busy Spider by Eric Carle

The Grouchy Ladybug by Eric Carle

Bugs! Bugs! Bugs! by Bob Barner

The Bug Book by Sue Fliess